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what is a adverb

adverb

nounSave Word

To save this word, you’ll need to log in.Log In ad·​verb | \ ˈad-ˌvərb  \

Definition of adverb

 (Entry 1 of 2)a word belonging to one of the major form classes in any of numerous languages, typically serving as a modifier of a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a preposition, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence, expressing some relation of manner or quality, place, time, degree, number, cause, opposition, affirmation, or denial, and in English also serving to connect and to express comment on clause contentIn “arrived early” the word “early” is an adverb.— compare ADJUNCTCONJUNCTDISJUNCT

adverbadjective

Definition of adverb (Entry 2 of 2)ADVERBIALthe adverb suffix “-ly”

What is an adverb?

Noun

Adverbs are words that usually modify—that is, they limit or restrict the meaning of—verbs. They may also modify adjectives, other adverbs, phrases, or even entire sentences.

An adverb answers the question when?where?how?how much?how long?, or how often?:

The elections are coming soon.

They only shopped locally.

They are happily married.

The roads are very steep.

He stopped by briefly to say hello.

My daughter calls me regularly.

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective. If the adjective already ends in -y, the -y usually changes to -i.


bold / boldly
solid / solidly
interesting / interestingly
heavy / heavily
unnecessary / unnecessarily

There are, however, many common adverbs that do not end in -ly, such as againalsojustneveroftensoontodaytoovery, and well.

There are a few different kinds of adverbs. The words whenwherewhy, and how are called interrogative adverbs when they begin a question.

When did the event occur?

Where is the proof?

Why was he so late?

How did they get here?

The relative adverbswherewhen, and why (how is sometimes included as well)—introduce subordinate clauses (also called dependent clauses), which are clauses that do not form simple sentences by themselves.

This is the house where I grew up.

They go to bed when they want to.

She wondered why the door was open.

When an adverb modifies a whole sentence or clause, it is called a sentence adverb. Words such as fortunatelyfranklyhopefully, and luckily are generally used as sentence adverbs and usually express the speaker’s feelings about the content of the sentence. Such adverbs normally come at the beginning of a sentence, but may also come in the middle or at the end.

Unfortunately, Friday will be cloudy.

Friday, unfortunately, will be cloudy.

Friday will be cloudy, unfortunately.

Examples of adverb in a Sentence

Noun In “arrived early,” “runs slowly,” “stayed home,” and “works hard” the words “early,” “slowly,” “home,” and “hard” are adverbs.Recent Examples on the Web: NounAdjectives and adverbs were as precious to her as cashmere and silk.— The Economist, 6 July 2019What if every college football school trademarked an appropriate conjunction, preposition, adverb, pronoun or interjection of three letters or shorter?— Mike Finger, ExpressNews.com, 15 Aug. 2019The next morning, Archie makes quick work of moving hay bales shirtlessly (Is that an adverb?

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