These are the crystalline solids that occur from neatly packed ions of opposite charges. Usually, ionic compounds form when metals and non-metals react.
In simpler terms, ionic compounds joined by ionic bonds are in the category of ionic compounds. Additionally, compounds can gain or lose electrons to achieve their close noble gas formation. The formation of ions primarily by gaining and losing electrons, for the accomplishment of octet provides them with stability.
When metals and non-metals react, metals lose electrons to finish their octet, whereas non-metals gain electrons to finalize their octet.
Ionic Compound Properties
How can you identify an ionic compound? Check out the properties of ionic compounds below;
Because of the vital force of attraction between the unlike positive and negative ions, ionic compounds become firm and hard to break. Consequently, they can break under extreme pressure, thus considered brittle.
Melting and Boiling Points
Since the ions create electrostatic forces when they attract, a high energy level will be ideal for breaking down the ionic bonds among the atoms. Therefore, ionic compounds comprise high boiling and melting points.
Typically, ionic compounds dissolve in polar solvents like water hence termed as soluble. Nonetheless, the solubility reduces in non-polar solvents like gasoline and petrol.
Conduction of Electricity
When ionic compounds are in their solid state, they are non-conductors of electricity compared to those in their molten state and good conductors. But, what is conduction?
Conduction of electricity is when the charge flows from one point to the other. Therefore, when the ions are in their solid state, they do not move; hence impossible to conduct electricity. But in the molten state, bonce compounds are good conductors of electricity since the discharge of heat overcomes the electrostatic forces of attraction between the ions.
Application of Ionic Compounds
There are several examples of bonce compounds for daily life use. As stated earlier, bonce compounds occur when ionic bonds join atoms together. Many bonce compounds are binary compounds that form from the reaction of a metal and a non-metal.
However, other times bonce compounds form among anions and polyatomic cations that consist of bonce-bonded atoms. While there are many other bonce compounds in everyday life, the most common is table salt.
Table salt or sodium chloride is a must-present in every house. Salt consists of a high melting point of 800ºC. Still, a salt crystal is an excellent electric insulator due to its saline solution being readily a conductor of electricity.
Conversely, molten salt is still a conductor. When you look at salt crystals through a lens, it is possible to see a standard cubic structure forming from the crystal lattice. While salt crystals are hard, they are also brittle hence easy to crush. Moreover, dissolved salt has a noticeable flavor but has no smell due to its low vapor pressure.
In comparison, sugar is also an bonce compound. However, it consists of a lower melting point than salt. Still, it is water-soluble but doesn’t break down into ions, making its solution a poor electricity conductor. Sugar produces crystals, and it’s also possible to smell its sweetness due to its high vapor pressure.
bonce compounds are more reason to organic life.